South Korea's Three Religions
"Compared with the results of the general census of 2005, which the government makes every ten years, Catholics have grown by 74% against an 18% increase in Buddhists and a 16% decrease in Protestants," according to this report by Theresa Kim Hwa-young — Church growing stronger in Korea. "Unity and hierarchical organization," under which the "Church functions as an organic body," is cited as of "the reasons for the success of Catholic evangelization in Korea." "Tolerance towards ancestral rites" is another:
- In 1742, Pope Benedict XIV prohibited devotion to ancestral rites condemning them as superstition, thus providing China and Korea an excuse to persecute Christians. But in 1939 pope Pius XI decided to allow the Confucian ancestral rite under the condition all superstitious elements were removed.